Body Fat Distribution Factors

Most men and women put on weight differently. But on what makes fat settle in a preferential way, there is little evidence.Scientists ascertained that the specific body shapes are: the android shape, or apple shape, common among men (fat deposits on the middle section of the body, mostly on the abdomen) and the gynoid, or pear shape, more common among women (fat deposited on hips and bottom). There is also the third type of body shape: the ovoid shape, not differentiating between men and women. With this type we can speak of an over-all general coverage of body fat.Thinking of many cases of exceptions, I try to find out in what follows if there is a strict specific fat pattern distribution for men and women and what are the factors influencing fat distribution. And I find this interesting not in as much as the aesthetic side is concerned but from the health perspective.Being overweight or underweight are characteristics depending on many factors: you are genetically overweight if you have a family history of overweight parents/relatives. Also, the nervous system plays an important role in balancing the body weight: serotonin and endorphins send signals to the brain that induce the need to eat or on the contrary. There is also the CCK hormone which transmits the brain signals on the state of satiety - it decreases hunger.While generally, body weight is influenced genetically, hormonally and by the body maintenance condition (the activity routine), it seems that the fat distribution is influenced by age, genetic inheritance, race, but to a greater extent by gender specific hormones. They are responsible for the distribution of fat in certain zones of our bodies: thus, estrogens which are responsible of the typical female sexual characteristics will influence the fat deposition in the pear format, favoring its laying on the hips, thighs, and belly, while testosterone will "lead" fat mostly towards tummy and upper body.Latest studies show that men's tendency towards the gynoid format has increased in the past 30 years (one study shows a growth of 2 inches in men's hips in the past 30 years). According to researches as John R. Lee, M.D (specialist in natural progesterone therapy), Dr. Jesse Hanley and Dr. Peter Eckhart, it seems that modern life exposes people to increased amounts of estrogen and estrogen-like substances (xenoestrogens or foreign estrogens). Sources of these substances can be plastics, plastic drinking bottles, commercially raised beef, chicken and pork, personal care products, pesticides, herbicides, birth control pills, spermacide, detergent, canned foods and lacquers. The problem is that increased estrogen levels in men not only make their hips fatten but are the main risk factor for disease such as prostate enlargement and cancer.Also, for women, the android pattern fat distribution should raise questions with regard to hormonal imbalances, such situations being a potential cause for health problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome.We've seen how health related problems can affect body fat, now let's take a look at how fat can induce health problems.It is clear that increased body fat affects health, the news is that its distribution on the body influences the state of health of specific organs.According to its placement, fat can be subcutaneous (under the skin) or visceral (around organs). The greatest concern is generated by visceral fat that can interfere with the good functioning of vital organs. There is a relationship between overall fat deposits and specific fat deposits: fat around the body middle section is associated with visceral fat, so, abdominal fat is the most serious health risk.The waist to hip ratio is a method of determining whether there are excessive amounts of upper body fat. It is obtained by dividing the waist measurement by the hip measurement. The upper limits are:.95 for men and .80 for women. Any exceeding values should be alarming.Apple-shaped fat individuals are exposed to a greater risk of developing obesity-related diseases, as the fat is intra-abdominal and distributed around their stomach and chest. They risk:The pear-shaped overweight persons are at greater risk of mechanical problems, as most of their body fat is distributed around their hips, thighs and bottom.Both apple-shaped and pear-shaped obese persons are likely to develop psychological problems and alteration of the quality of life.In any case, extra-weight cannot create but problems. Fact is that the main role in acquiring extra-fat is the food intake that the body cannot burn for various reasons (such as a decreased metabolic rate, low activity level or the physical condition), and, consequently, it creates fat deposits. The solution is a classic one: diet and exercise.However, in shedding extra weight there are men-women differences. The process appears to be harder for women.The total mass of the body is made up of fat mass and fat-free mass. The fat mass can be of two types: essential and excess. Essential fat is found in bone marrow, in various organs, and throughout the nervous system.Women are at a disadvantage, as their physiological processes (childbearing and hormone functions) require a plus of essential fat, the "sex-specific fat". Thus the total percentage of body fat is higher, moreover, this part of essential fat is hard to dislodge. Secondly, women have less calorie burning muscle than men, which makes it more more demanding for the female to achieve a trimmer figure. Now, girls, don't use it as an excuse!Comments Questions Email Here document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); HowtoAdvice.com

Body Fat Distribution Factors 1

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irror, mirror on the wall, who's the fairest of us all Women over the ages have oft repeated this line as they have clamoured to look the best.While the options earlier were limited, the market today has quite a few products from Hindustan Unilever's Fair & Lovely to Cavincare's Fairever and Garnier Light.HUL, however, continues to dominate the Rs 1,800-crore women's fairness cream market in India with an over 70 per cent share, followed by Cavin Care at 10 per cent and Garnier at around seven per cent.While challenging HUL may not be easy, Lóreal, whose mass-market brand is Garnier, is stepping up its focus on the market.The French cosmetic giant will launch a second fairness cream called Garnier Light Ultra on April 1.Designed and developed in India, the product comes after five years since Garnier Light was first introduced in the Indian marketplace.The product will be endorsed by actor Priyanka Chopra dwelling on the aspect of "fairness and dark spot reduction"."From time to time, we do India-specific innovations through products and benefits. Our studies showed that Indian women want a blemish-free skin," says Richa Singh, marketing manager, Garnier India. "We have attempted to address this need," she says.But Garnier will not be the only one speaking this language.In the last one year, both HUL and Cavincare have repositioned and relaunched their fairness products on the platform of flawless complexion and beauty.Executives at Lowe Lintas, the creative agency that handles Fair & Lovely, say that women in general want more than just general fairness today."Gone are those days when fairness alone was the parameter to judge beauty. Flawless skin is something that most women seek and fairness creams are expected to deliver this in some way," says a Lowe Lintas executive on condition of anonymity.HUL, for instance, played up the aspect of "clear fairness" during its makeover last year. The product sported a new tagline called gorepan sa kahi zyaada, saaf gorapan, which was different from earlier brand statements.In the past, Fair & Lovely spoke about how fairness could change one's destiny through taglines such as zindagi roshan kare and badle aap, badle zindagi.But not any more. Industry experts attribute this trend to the uptrading in beauty. "Consumers themselves have been moving up the ladder," says Shirish Pardesi, senior analyst at Mumbai-based brokerage Anand Rathi."It is no more about using a shampoo or cream alone. The accent now is on what problem the product can solve. This lends itself to some amount of premiumisation, which is why the focus on this segment."By and large consumers are averse to taking chances with products perceived to be low in value when it comes to personal care, say analysts. "That is also contributing to this trend of premiumisation," says Pardesi.Agrees Mohan Goenka, director, Emami Ltd, "Fairness as a concept is evolving," he says. "Look at the way men have taken to fairness products."Though smaller than the women's fairness cream market at Rs 200 crore (Rs 2 billion), the men's market is growing faster at 25-30 per cent per annum.Women's, on the other hand, is growing at 10 per cent per annum. Key players in the men's space include Emami's Fair & Handsome, HUL's Fair & Lovely Menz Active and Garnier Men.But like the women's segment, the men's market is also undergoing changes in terms of perception of fairness."The underlining premise in both men's and women's is the same, most want the best," says Goenka.
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